Python报错:Python.h: No such file or directory

在一台新的服务器上部署完python运行环境,尝试使用pip安装依赖,当安装到setproctitle的时候,出现fatal error报错,详细信息如下:

Running setup.py install for setproctitle ... error
    ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1:
     command: /usr/bin/python2 -u -c 'import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = '"'"'/tmp/pip-install-uiFvf8/setproctitle/setup.py'"'"'; __file__='"'"'/tmp/pip-install-uiFvf8/setproctitle/setup.py'"'"';f=getattr(tokenize, '"'"'open'"'"', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('"'"'\r\n'"'"', '"'"'\n'"'"');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, '"'"'exec'"'"'))' install --record /tmp/pip-record-uCJpyA/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /usr/include/python2.7/setproctitle
         cwd: /tmp/pip-install-uiFvf8/setproctitle/
    Complete output (15 lines):
    running install
    running build
    running build_ext
    building 'setproctitle' extension
    creating build
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src
    gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector-strong --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -grecord-gcc-switches -m64 -mtune=generic -D_GNU_SOURCE -fPIC -fwrapv -DNDEBUG -O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector-strong --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -grecord-gcc-switches -m64 -mtune=generic -D_GNU_SOURCE -fPIC -fwrapv -fPIC -DHAVE_SYS_PRCTL_H=1 -DSPT_VERSION=1.1.10 -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c src/setproctitle.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/setproctitle.o
    In file included from src/spt.h:15:0,
                     from src/setproctitle.c:14:
    src/spt_python.h:14:20: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
     #include <Python.h>
                        ^
    compilation terminated.
    error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1
    ----------------------------------------
ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1: /usr/bin/python2 -u -c 'import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = '"'"'/tmp/pip-install-uiFvf8/setproctitle/setup.py'"'"'; __file__='"'"'/tmp/pip-install-uiFvf8/setproctitle/setup.py'"'"';f=getattr(tokenize, '"'"'open'"'"', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('"'"'\r\n'"'"', '"'"'\n'"'"');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, '"'"'exec'"'"'))' install --record /tmp/pip-record-uCJpyA/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /usr/include/python2.7/setproctitle Check the logs for full command output.

其中重点的报错信息

src/spt_python.h:14:20: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory

解决办法

sudo yum install python-devel

然后重新安装需要的依赖,成功。

Python报错:Python.h: No such file or directory

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